High-performance boats usually refer to boats that use special structures to achieve high speeds. The bottom of the high-performance planing boat has two stepped steps. The air is introduced through the two sides to fill the two steps with air to achieve air lubrication. This special structure can reduce resistance and make the boat run more smoothly, thereby reaching higher speeds, so it is called a high-performance boat.
The variety of high-performance boats is very diverse and the structure is also very special. In addition to the above-mentioned planing high-performance boats, the common high-performance boats include hydrofoil, wing-jet, hovercraft, wave piercing catamaran, small waterplane surface boat and various hybrid boats.
A hybrid high-performance yacht launched by Universal Hovercraft. It is a yacht with wings. When the wings are installed, it can fly above the water and fly at a height of 2~6ft (0.6m to 1.8m) at a speed Up to 75mi/h. If it encounters a tall obstacle, it can jump up to 20ft (about 6m) and cross it calmly. And it only takes 10 minutes to retract its wings and become a high-speed surface hovercraft.
As can be seen from the picture, there are thin rubber flexible aprons around the bottom of the boat, so air can be blown into the bottom of the boat through the blower at the front, and an air cushion is formed on the bottom of the boat. The pressure of the air cushion makes the apron full of gas. Lift the hull off the ground or water surface so that the boat can easily drift on the water surface. Restart the duct fan engine behind the boat, and the boat can fly at high speed on the water or on the ground.
This is a hybrid product of the principles of an integrated air-cushion vehicle and a wing craft.
The invention of the hovercraft (ship) can be traced back to 1959. The British Hovercraft company first launched a practical prototype equipped with a flexible apron. The company later opened up the first hovercraft route across the English Channel. The emergence of the assault wing craft is a little later. It uses the ground-effect wing principle, that is, when flying at low altitudes on the water (or ground), the ground effect increases the lift of the wings, and its economic efficiency is better than that of the aircraft. Some test machines appeared in the 1970s, but they have not been put into commercial operation.
These peculiar high-performance boats require professional driving skills and professional maintenance, and are not suitable for family use.